Manual WHATS MINE IS MINE, WHATS YOURS IS MINE: The USFSPA~An Illegal Law~A Crime Against Veterans

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My services are FREE. I always felt I had some kind of security, knowing that if ever we separated or divorced, I would be taken care of by the US Department of Defence. The problem also is that the courts here in Australia have no idea, and look at it as his income and did not account for it as property…What can I do? That was his money, not yours. Part of your problem is that you felt a sense of entitlement based on your spouses willingness to defend his country, not based on anything you did for your country. The Department of Defense has no responsibility to take care of gold diggers who never defended their country.

It was his income that he used to support you while you were his spouse. Why should he have to continue supporting you after you divorced? Get a damn job, or marry some other guy who you can mooch off of. Either way, move on and stop blaming the US government or the Australian courts for you being lazy and a gold digger. Omg I just saw this reply… I am not a gold digger. I did not intend on a divorce. I did not intend our family losing our first home. My ex had numerous affairs and also fathered two children to another woman.

As a military wife I did support his country as well be standing by him, raising his children while he was away for 6 months, two months etc. The percentage spouses can be awarded is also negotiable. My husband divorced his ex wife and she does not get any of his retirement pay. You may want to read this. Wow are you serious just wow its not fair that you want HALF of his hard earned money you are just an idiot you know that right. So no, I am not an idiot. Would it be okay if he received half of anything you own, or make? I am so sorry for these awful comments you are receiving.

Joking and having fun while pretending to be in serious situations. Those people should be ashamed of themselves for being so cruel to a woman that served the military just as her husband did, but harder. I can comment on both sides as I spent 8 years in the service, then got out to raise our family, my husband retired. He had it much much much easier than I did at home. The compromises that have to be made while he was home. Then the sacrifices that were made while he was away. Shame on you people for being so selfish and mean!

I came across this site as I am doing some research on retiring overseas. When he deployed, I stayed home and took care of our child and held down the house. I then enlisted, and my husband got out of the military. When I deployed, he was the one holding down the house. As a woman who has been on both sides, in my opinion, being a military spouse is way harder than being a Soldier. You served in your way as did he.

I am very sorry about your experience with the divorce and not receiving the retirement benefits. If he was, he would have left after 10 years of marriage. And God forbid, if we ever did split up, I will be happy to give him half my pension because he deserves every penny. Go find happiness because YOU deserve it. Sigi wants to be paid for caring for her husband and possibly children — I totally disagree.

Are you kidding me?? Those are the chances one takes when marrying someone who is serving — these spouses who are serving deserve to retire in peace, and not worrying about having to pay someone for taking care of their homes and kids too. It is wrong, and I think our lawmakers need to do something about that! Enough is enough!! Finally a retiree had enough sense to go to a foreign country and divorce. The rest of us need to be this smart. Lady, no matter what the circumstances of your marriage, you did not take the oath to defend the United States of America.

You need to get your own education and employment and work for yourself and gain your own retirement. I cannot believe the disgusting comments toward you as a former military spouse. They must have never served or served very selfishly. I served. She cheated on me. We had no children.

She was still entitled to part of my retirement. She has remarried. To a foreign national, living overseas… And she will still get part of my retirement. Did you serve in the military and served 20 plus years to receive a pension? If so great. Why are you seeking your ex-spouses pension? If you did not service, still why are you seeking his pension. It might be considered by many that you should be entitled, I am one that does not agree. You did not serve, you did not go to war. Has the comment above indicated, it is an unjust act and should be repealed. Why personally do you think you are entitled?

I am looking to retire permanently to the Philippines this September. So my question is once I live there how do I receive my money? Bank Account but when it expires they said they will not send me one overseas…. So what every 3 years or so I have to fly to the U. There must be a better way. I would start by looking at different banks, and seeing what their policies are.

We have a list of some of the top military banks here. Those banks and credit unions may have different policies.

It should also be possible to have your direct deposit made to a US Based bank, then do an international wire transfer to your bank in the Philippines. If your funds are in your bank in the Philippines, then you should be able to easily access your account where you live. There is also a large contingent of retired US Military members in the Philippines. You may go out there and find out how they are making their retirement funds work. I hope this helps. Best of luck in your retirement, and thank yo for your service! There used to be a few U. Now, as far as I know only Citibank has branches in the Philippines, mostly in Manila and one or two branches in Cebu City.

You can open a Citibank account in the U. True, Citibank now requires that you have an ACR card and an established residence in the Philippines before they will allow you to open an account. Then afterwards, you will be allowed open both U. S dollar and Php peso accounts. You can direct U.

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But they do charge a transfer fee based on the amount you transfer from you dollar account to your Peso account. You did not mention anything about the complexity for filing taxes. It is not at simple as it is for Americans who live in the U. And usually requires paying a tax professional to fill out all the required forms. Eg you must file a form for every bank account no matter how small.

It goes on and on. I live in Canada. I am lower middle class. I was hoping to retire but to become tax compliant I will not be able to afford to retire because my pension and retirement savings will be taxed by both countries and because the cost of a tax specialist keeps me working. I would like to know how other expat vets are dealing with this citizenship tax. Btw I hate that term- expat.

I am still very much a patriot and fly both the American and the Marine Corps flags. I used TurboTax when I lived overseas. You can electrically sign each required signature page and file it electrically. So, you do not have to go back to America to file taxes. If you are receiving a pension, you can also access and print out copies of your W-2 forms online. The philippines is great because there is a VA clinic here. There is direct deposit. The way it works is, the big banks here have contracts with US banks to wire your deposit straight from these contracted banks to your Filipino account.

I get my monthly disability, as well as all VA meds and treatments here on time, actually faster than in the US. If you have a new claim here, or apply to increase, the claim takes, at most, 6 months. There is a VA regional office here that handles VBA claims, and since the case load is much smaller, claims are handled almost immediately. The cost of living here is a fraction of what you pay in the States. Im planning on moving there as soon as my passport arrives. Can you share with me which websites you used to research the country? Not knowledgeable in the language, but interested in retirement in the Philippines whereas, English is accepted and understood by many residents.

I am retired Navy and a senior drawing social security, military and VA compensation plus civil service retirement from my VA employment. Can you advice me as to the best places to reside with my wife.

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Thank you. Tom, Thank you for contacting me. I recommend trying to find some internet forums or websites where ex-pats share tips and information. Once you find some information, it would be a good idea to schedule a trip or two or three to the area you are considering moving to so you can get familiar with the area and make sure this is something you want to go through with. I wish you the best, and thank you for your service!

What about europe? Any experiences including Spain, Portugal, Italy. I have been living in Spain and loving it since retiring in I live in the Andalusia province in southern Spain. I am in between careers. I am single with no children. I do have one Service Dog Reilly. I am seriously thinking about moving to the Philippines. There is an exception to this rule, however, when the order denying the motion "constituted an adjudication on the merits," or stated otherwise, when "the only basis of the ruling is a matter of law.

Hall, S. The underlying rationale for this exception is that a matter of law, unlike one of fact, may not be again presented or retried in the proceedings to follow. Gumm v. Combs, S. Based on the foregoing, if the trial court had simply denied the motions for summary judgment, we would be compelled to dismiss this appeal for lack of finality, even with the added finality language of CR However, in its second order, entered November 29, , the circuit court also dismissed the counterclaims filed by Medcom and Nolan.

We, therefore, conclude that this order did "constitute an adjudication on the merits," at least as to the counterclaims and that this matter is therefore properly reviewable on appeal to the extent of the summary judgment on the counterclaims. We disagree. The remaining arguments asserted by Medcom and Nolan are that the claims set out by SCC in its complaint are barred by the applicable statute of limitations.

As noted earlier in this opinion, any issues pertaining to the denial of the summary judgment on the merits of the complaint filed by SCC are interlocutory in nature, not final, and thus not subject to our review at this time. We do note that both Medcom and Nolan have asserted the statute of limitations as affirmative defenses in their respective answers to the complaint, and we can only presume that the circuit court considered the same in declining to grant summary judgment on the merits of the complaint at this time.

However, we will not speculate nor address this issue as it remains within the complete discretion of the circuit court upon conducting the litigation on the merits of the complaint, and thus is not properly before the Court at this time. Cummins v. Thomas, No. When more than one claim for relief is presented in an action, whether as a claim, counterclaim, cross-claim, or third-party claim, or when multiple parties are involved, the court may grant a final judgment upon one or more but less than all of the claims or parties only upon a determination that there is no just reason for delay.

The judgment shall recite such determination and shall recite that the judgment is final. Because the order did not adjudicate the custody issue, it is by its very nature an unappealable, interlocutory order not properly before this Court. Skaggs v. Skaggs, No. The appeal is dismissed, as the order from which Skaggs attempts to appeal is not a final and appealable order. The failure to comply with CR Modern Motors, LLC v.

Yelder, No. It also states that "if Defendant should appear, and prove it is still owed monies by Plaintiffs, it will have recourse to collect same. It is apparent that the orders appealed from by the father and mother did not permanently adjudicate their parental rights. The orders appealed do not contain the mandatory language and do not dispose of any of the rights of the parents. Furthermore, the orders are not designated as final and appealable and do not recite that "there is no just reason for delay.

Hoskins v. Cumberland Valley National Bank, No. In order to be appealable, an order must adjudicate all claims of the parties. Taylor, S. As the trial court correctly recognized, the July 21, , order as amended by the September 6, , order did not adjudicate all claims of the parties. As such, the order was not a final and appealable order. Russell, S. Furthermore, when an order is by its very nature interlocutory, even the inclusion of the finality recitals provided in CR Because we conclude that the order is not final and appealable, the appropriate remedy is to dismiss the appeal.

Accordingly, this appeal is dismissed as taken from an interlocutory order. Barker v. Barker, No. We begin with CR It allows for an appeal when less than all the rights of all the parties have been adjudicated, but only upon a determination that it is final and that there is no just reason for delay. In the absence of such finality and a recitation thereof, the order is interlocutory and subject to modification and correction before becoming a final and appealable judgment or order.

Shafizadeh v. Shafizadeh, No. An order is final and appealable if it adjudicates all of the rights of the parties in an action. By its terms, an EPO is interlocutory in nature. It only temporarily adjudicates the rights of the parties. Allen, No. An appellate court should determine for itself whether it is authorized to review the order appealed from even if the question is not raised by the parties.

It permits an interlocutory judgment or order to be made appealable under specified circumstances. Where an order by its very nature is interlocutory even the inclusion of the recitals in CR Stanley, No. This court has jurisdiction over appeals from final judgment or orders of circuit courts. KRS 22A. In the absence of such recital, any order or other form of decision, however designated, which adjudicates less than all the claims or the rights and liabilities of less than all the parties shall not terminate the action as to any of the claims or parties, and the order or other form of decision is interlocutory and subject to revision at any time before the entry of judgment adjudicating all the claims and the rights and liabilities of all the parties.

Therefore, the judgment was interlocutory and non-appealable and could only be made final and appealable by satisfying the provisions of CR Commonwealth, ex rel Stumbo, No. In such actions, the court may grant a final judgment upon one or more but less than all the claims or parties only upon a determination that there is no just cause for delay. However, to be final and appealable, the judgment shall recite that "the judgment is final.

Ritter, No. Pursuant to CR Mollett v. Trustmark Insurance Co. In the case before us, a final judgment was entered on December 19, Final judgment is defined in CR The notation of service of the order was made on the same day as that of the entry of the order — September 23, Miller, No. A final or appealable judgment is a final order adjudicating all the rights of the parties in an action or proceeding. Caudill, S. Francis v. Crounse Corp. In the case sub judice, the claim for attorney fees was pursuant to statute and was pled by Francis in his complaint. Further, the statute required that the judgment include a reasonable attorney fee.

We do not see the attorney fees claim as collateral to the civil rights violation claim. Oakwood Mobile Homes, Inc.

Sprowls, No. This chapter does not apply to: 1 Arbitration agreements between employers and employees or between their respective representatives; and 2 Insurance contracts. Nothing in this subsection shall be deemed to invalidate or render unenforceable contractual arbitration provisions between two 2 or more insurers, including reinsurers.

McQueen, Ky. As Firestone notes, the Act expressly provides for appeals from an order denying an application to compel arbitration — even though such an order is not final under CR However, the Act also specifically excludes from its provisions arbitration agreements between employers and employees. As a result, McQueen argues, the appeal of this interlocutory order is not governed by the Act. We agree. Farmers Nat. Bank of Danville, Ky.

Consequently …. In the present case, the circuit court attempted to invoke CR This case certainly meets the requirement of CR Young, S. The entering of certification under CR The trial judge should always determine in entering a certification under CR Glass v. Amanor Ky.

Second …. Direct Prop. Moore Ky. Preferred Risk argued that the order was interlocutory because while it had sought both a declaratory judgment and monetary damages from Kentucky Farm Bureau, only the declaratory judgment portion of the claim had been decided by the trial court. Preferred Risk argued that despite the recitation of the CR While the Supreme Court agreed that inclusion of the CR Because we are bound by precedent, we cannot dismiss the appeal as interlocutory.

Abma, S. In addition to reciting it was "final and appealable" pursuant to CR Rather, the issue of an award of attorney fees was left to the sound discretion of the family court. See Neidlinger v. Neidlinger, 52 S. Day v. Sallee, No. As noted above, the Sallees argue that Day could not adversely possess the property because she had only a life estate.

The life estate Day created by the deed arose in Day and her husband owned the property in fee simple from to , more than the requisite fifteen years. The trial court addressed where the boundary between the Day and Sallee properties is, but it made no findings about whether Day and her husband adversely possessed any of the property outside of that boundary between and Spencer v.

Estate of Spencer, S. Unfortunately, although CR Best Financial Services, Inc. Absent those certifications, the rule is not invoked. The judgment here did not certify that "there was no just reason for delay," and thus we are confronted with a situation in which the judgment the estate recommended to the court and acquiesced in is now challenged by the estate, essentially, as having been interlocutory and non-appealable.

Signer v. Arnold, S. Not only did the estate fail to advise the trial court of the proper form of a partial judgment pursuant to CR The estate will not be heard on appeal to claim that it is entitled to relief from its own mistake in the trial court. The Court of Appeals did not err, therefore, by refusing to grant relief on this ground. Commonwealth, No. The Commonwealth correctly asserts that it did not have an adequate remedy by appeal.

As this Court has previously acknowledged, the General Assembly has not provided an avenue for parties to appeal interlocutory orders from district court to circuit court. Tipton v. Commonwealth, S. Instead, the statutory scheme allows only for appeal to the Circuit Court "from any final action of the District Court. A final action is one that disposes of all the issues in a case and generally includes the recitation that the judgment is final. Our courts have recognized that in cases where there is potential for "significant prejudice," KRS 23A.

There was no finality within the meaning of CR Gay v. Oldham, No. The original judgment entered in this case was agreed to by the parties in open court on June 28, , at the time that the settlement was reached. The judgment was subsequently entered on July 11, This judgment provides that it is final and appealable, although it does not have all of the "magic words" required under CR However, the inclusion of CR Nesler, S.

As noted, the other defendant in this case, Ricky Prater, settled all claims with appellees prior to the scheduled trial and an order dismissing those claims was entered on June 28, Accordingly, the judgment entered by the trial court on July 11, , was clearly a final judgment resolving all claims between all of the remaining parties to the litigation and thus was final and appealable pursuant to CR Reed v.

Tinsley, No. Moreover, the Kentucky Supreme Court has held that "[w]here an order is by its very nature interlocutory, even the inclusion of the recitals provided for in CR And even if the parties do not raise a finality issue in their briefs, "the appellate court should determine for itself whether it is authorized to review the order appealed from. Although the circuit court order mandated CR Reed and Tinsley are the only parties to the case, and the only claims before the circuit court are the petition and cross-petition for custody.

Finney v. Stewart Title Guaranty Co. On December 6, , the trial court entered an order dismissing the second amended complaint filed on behalf of the appellants. Rather than asking for reconsideration of the order as the order was interlocutory on its face, the appellants filed an appeal. When that appeal was dismissed by this Court on February 13, ,1 the Court advised that the order from which appellants appealed dismissed only their second amended complaint.

Still pending before the circuit court were the claims asserted in the original complaint and the first amended complaint. Further, the Court advised that the order of December 6, contained none of the finality language set out in CR Immediately after the dismissal by the Court, the appellants filed a motion with the trial court to either reconsider its order of December 6, or, in the alternative, include in the order the finality language of CR The appellee objected and included a well-briefed analysis of why the trial court should not certify the order of December 6, as final and appealable.

Carpenter-Moore v. Carpenter, No. In the present case there were multiple claims. The trial court specifically reserved ruling upon issues not addressed in its order entered on March 30, The order did not include the recitation of CR Therefore, we are without jurisdiction to hear the merits of this appeal and must dismiss it as premature. Watson v. By the express provisions of CR It is not the mere presence of a counterclaim that renders CR If it did, CR An underlying issue in this case is what is required of the trial court in making a record concerning its certification.

We believe that our predecessor court set out adequate guidelines for trial courts in a case decided over forty years ago, Jackson v. In that case, Jackson appealed from an unfavorable judgment in a land dispute. The trial court determined that Metcalf owned a part of the disputed property and certified this judgment to be final and appealable without just reason for delay. Jackson appealed, and Metcalf filed a motion to dismiss the appeal.

The Court stated:. The trial judge could have reasonably refused to certify the appealability of the order in question under CR A trial court should not grant CR Each case must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. And for that reason, we, like the United States Supreme Court, are reluctant to establish fixed guidelines for the trial courts to follow. In the event, however, that a trial court exercises its discretion and determines that a party is entitled to immediate appellate review, a party failing to appeal from a final judgment containing the requisite recitals — as occurred here — does so to its peril.

The Ohio Casualty Insurance Company v. Wilson, No. Pursuant to Ky. In an action involving multiple claims or multiple parties, CR However, it is axiomatic that "[w]here an order is by its very nature interlocutory, even the inclusion of the recitals provided for in CR The November 14, , order appealed from is by its nature interlocutory as it does not dispose of a claim between the parties. In its counterclaim and cross-claim, Ohio Casualty sought a declaration that its insurance policy issued to Erpenbeck did not extend coverage to the claims asserted by the Wilsons.

Consequently, the November 14, , order is by its very nature interlocutory and inclusion of the CR Ohio Casualty has cited to Preferred Risk v. Kentucky Farm Bureau, S. This authority was also relied upon by the circuit court in rendering its order final and appealable pursuant to CR However, we view Preferred Risk as distinguishable. In Preferred Risk, the circuit court adjudicated the question of whether an insurance policy issued by Kentucky Farm Bureau actually provided coverage to the insured and ultimately answered the question affirmatively.

The Supreme Court held that a judgment conclusively determining the question of insurance coverage may be made final and appealable by a circuit court under CR This is clearly distinguishable from the issue adjudicated in Preferred Risk. We are being confronted with many motions to dismiss appeals for failure to comply with CR Stephens, Ky. Canon, Ky. It is not always apparent whether the appeal involves a multiple-claims action or not. Furlow v. Sturgeon, Ky. In the present case there is a claim yet remaining for adjudication which is not extinguished as a matter of law by reason of the judgment from which the appeal is taken.

The rule enunciated in CR The purpose of this opinion is to remind the Bench and Bar of the importance of having judgments comply with CR We are mindful of the practice in which judgments are drafted by the successful attorney for the signature of the trial judge. Initially, the drafting attorney should, as a matter of professional pride and ethics, see to it that the judgment is in proper form as regards CR Secondly, the unsuccessful lawyer owes it to his client and the court to see to it that the judgment complies with CR The trial judge should not be burdened with the responsibility of incorporating the provisions of CR It is hoped that the Bar will take greater pains to assure proper preparation of judgments in multiple-claims action so that the circuit courts and this court will not be harassed by the extra work occasioned by imperfectly prosecuted appeals.

The appeal is dismissed. Jackson v. Metcalf, S. Abell v. Meguire, Ky.

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Ashland Discount Association, Ky. See Clay, CR In the instant case we are unwilling to hold that the trial judge erred in making the partial judgment a final and appealable one. The motion to dismiss the appeal is overruled. Headley Bluff Land Co. The City of Cadiz, No. Importantly, the court again stated that it would only declare the annexation ordinances void if there existed material prejudice to the substantial rights of the affected property owners. To aid in such determination, the court ordered that all affected property owners be made parties to the action and warned that failure to do so would result in dismissal under Ky.

The court included the following CR For the reasons hereinafter stated, we do not reach the merits of the above issues, but rather dismiss this appeal as being taken from an interlocutory order. Golden Rule Publishers v. Edwards Ky. However, "[b]efore the processes of CR Deaton, Ky. Moreover, "[w]here an order is by its very nature interlocutory, even the inclusion of the recitals provided for in CR Hook, Ky.

Further, even if the parties do not raise a finality issue in their briefs, "the appellate court should determine for itself whether it is authorized to review the order appealed from. As the order therefore did not finally adjudicate any of the claims in litigation, it is by its very nature an unappealable, interlocutory order which cannot be made final by the inclusion of CR It necessarily follows that the appeal from that order is not properly before this court. Harden v. Of Educ.

Stephens, S. Hancock, S. Jackson, S. When that appeal was dismissed by this Court on February 13, , the Court advised that the order from which appellants appealed dismissed only their second amended complaint. In the present matter, the order on appeal did not adjudicate all of the claims for relief as it did not address the other claims in the original or first amended complaint, including but not limited to the reissuance charges.

As we believe the order of December 6, to be interlocutory, the trial judge may reconsider that opinion and order as well as the remaining issues when this matter is again before the Jefferson Circuit Court. There was not a final adjudication upon one or more of the claims in litigation.

While the denial of a motion to intervene as a matter of right is an appealable order, see City of Henderson v. Todd, S. Scott, S. As the order did not finally adjudicate any of the claims in litigation, it is by its very nature an unappealable, interlocutory order which cannot be made final by the inclusion of CR Fiscal Court of Caldwell Cty. Ratliff dealt with condemnation of property and established an exception to the rule in that the property, if taken, would be materially altered or destroyed if an immediate appeal was not permitted.

Beard, when the Kentucky Supreme Court stated:. Roman Catholic Bishop of Louisville v. Burden, No. By its very nature, the denial of the motion for summary judgment is interlocutory. Furthermore, the inclusion of the CR Even if we were to hold that CR See also City of Covington v. Peare, Ky. Therefore, the specific issue for our consideration is whether the judgment could be made a final and appealable one under CR Melone v.

Morgan, S. The action before the circuit court involved neither multiple claims nor multiple parties. If the demand for judgment is for an unliquidated sum, and therefore unspecified as required by CR 8. Roadrunner Min. Bank Josephine, S. Thomas v. Thomas, S. It is fundamental that once equity has assumed jurisdiction for one purpose it will retain it for all purposes connected with the principal controversy. Swaim v. Martin, Ky. Equity Sec. In Swaim we observed that this is especially true where there is a general prayer for all equitable relief.

In Clay, CR Radcliff Homes Inc. The court refused to alter, amend or vacate this portion of its judgment, citing as its authority CR Omniflight Helicopters Inc. Kennedy, S. The smaller amount was what Kennedy had claimed in his complaint was due him. The larger amount was what he had claimed in his motion for a default judgment. The trial court did not err in correcting the judgment to reflect the amount claimed in the complaint.

Boyd, 29 Ky. In the event of a partial judgment or a judgment in which neither party prevails entirely against the other, costs shall be borne as directed by the trial court. If within five days after such service no exceptions to the bill are served on the prevailing party, the clerk shall endorse on the face of the judgment the total amount of costs recoverable as a part of the judgment. Exceptions shall be heard and resolved by the trial court in the form of a supplemental judgment. Hilliard Ky.

Oliver next contends that the trial court erred in denying him costs. Specifically, he asserts that he should have been awarded costs for: ….. The costs submitted by Oliver do not fall under CR Schulze v. Hinton Ky. The same day, Schulze filed a bill of costs pursuant to CR Hinton objected to the motion for a new trial, arguing that Schulze did not preserve her objection to the comment in the closing argument by making a timely objection, but rather waited until the end of the argument before lodging an objection.

Similarly, CR Brett v. Media Gen. Operations, Inc. Sexton v. Sambrano Ky. As to costs, CR Furthermore, Sexton argues that the court "appears to have taxed the costs as punishment for purported conduct the existence of which is not supported by the record. Cabinet For Health and Family Services v. Dornbusch, No. Oates, S. It is a purpose consistent with the governmental separation of powers and reinforces the proper role of the judiciary. Ball, S. Dornbusch filed a petition for review from an administrative decision pursuant to KRS 13B.

Our review reveals that KRS It provides that regulations governing attorney fees in an appeal of an order denying Medicaid benefits shall be "established by the secretary by administrative regulation. Although we do not deny that such powers exist within the judiciary, the present facts do not warrant the exercise of any discretionary powers by the court. While the circuit court believed the award of attorney fees was justified on the basis of public policy, as a matter of constitutional and statutory law, the circuit court simply did not have authority to award attorney fees against the Cabinet.

The circuit court was required to follow the dictates of KRS Based on the foregoing, the order of the Kenton Circuit Court is reversed. Media General Operations, Inc. It was silent on the subject of recovery of costs. The trial court subsequently issued a supplemental judgment awarding costs. Brett objected and filed an Original Action with this Court seeking a writ of prohibition, arguing that the trial court had lost jurisdiction under CR The Kentucky Supreme Court ultimately resolved this issue in a memorandum opinion, holding that the trial court, in fact, had jurisdiction under CR Isaac, WL Ky.

Harris v. Burress, S. Lavigne, S. Two important points must be observed. First, except as permitted by law, CR Second, KRS However, the manner of imposition and the items included are in contrast to the relatively straightforward procedure set out in CR A court, in rendering a judgment in an action filed under KRS A court may also award the complainant all or a portion of the costs of litigation, including reasonable attorney fees and witness fees.

Test v. Expressbill, LLC,, No. In particular, ExpressBill was entitled to recover "costs of the originals of any depositions" but was not entitled to recover any costs associated with procuring copies of the original depositions. We believe this rule is mandated by the unambiguous language of CR Accordingly, ExpressBill is entitled to recover the costs of the original depositions only. Brooks v. Lexington-Fayette, No. She cites no authority supportive of her proposition that she is somehow still entitled to receive the requested fees and we are convinced none exists.

The trial court correctly found the fee application was unreasonable and the amounts sought were non-compensable under the law. Again, there was no abuse of discretion. Therefore, for the foregoing reasons, the orders of the Fayette Circuit Court entered on August 7, , and October 10, , are affirmed. Abma, No.


Fourth, we recognize the trial court reserved for further proceedings the exact elements and amounts of consequential damages. Therefore, we affirm the award of consequential damages only to the extent that they may be justified depending upon the proof developed in any future proceeding.

Gene, No. Further, ATF contends it is entitled to reimbursement for all of its costs and expenses associated with this action pursuant to KRS Sexton, S. Fitgerald, S. Rapid American, S. ATF contends the absence of any contradictory evidence introduced by the Sawyers means it is entitled to the amount requested, although it cites us to no authority in support of this contention.

ATF thus argues the trial court abused its discretion in failing to award the full amount requested. Finally, ATF contends the trial court erred in awarding it only the costs and expenses authorized under CR It argues the specific language of KRS The language of CR The statutory language mandates the recovery of all costs and expenses, while the rule allows for recovery of only certain specified costs and expenses.

When a civil rule is in conflict with a specific statutory mandate, the rule must give way to the statute. Hodge v. Ford Motor Co. Hensley, S. Thus, the trial court should have allowed ATF recovery of all its actual costs and expenses incurred in relation to this action. As we are aware the costs and expenses incurred may increase in the event of further proceedings to collect the underlying judgment herein, including the sale of the real property to which the lien is attached, we decline to set a specific amount the trial court should award. Accordingly, we must reverse this portion of the judgment and remand the matter for further proceedings.

Wilson v. Lawhorn Ford Sales, Inc. We agree with Lawhorn on both of these points. Filing fees are among them. Wilson concedes that extra copies of depositions and other copying expenses are not ordinarily recoverable under CR But he contends that those costs are recoverable in this case because KRS This is an issue of first impression in Kentucky. Otherwise, the order is affirmed in all other respects. Hill-Ferdinando v. Under CR Trimble Co. Fiscal Ct. In this case, appellants did not entirely prevail at trial, as the jury apportioned eighty percent of fault directly to them.

Thus, we think the circuit court properly utilized its discretion under CR See Owensboro Mercy Health Systems v. Payne, 24 S. For the foregoing reasons, the judgment of the Boone Circuit Court is affirmed in part, reversed in part, and this case is remanded for proceedings not inconsistent with this opinion. Douglas v. Coffman, No. We cannot say that the trial court abused its discretion in awarding costs to the Coffmans and not awarding costs to Douglas. Murphy, No. The Murphys also argue that the circuit court erred when it awarded court costs because the requirements of Kentucky Rules of Civil Procedure CR To recover costs, CR Since the Stewarts never filed and served on the Murphys an itemized bill of costs, the requirements of CR Thus, the Murphys insist, the Stewarts were not entitled to recover court costs.

While the Stewarts were entitled to recover court costs, we agree with the Murphys that the requirements of CR The trial court prematurely awarded court costs since the Stewarts failed to comply with CR Thus, we vacate the judgment as it relates to costs and remand for compliance with CR Newsome, No. Costs are awarded, if at all, to the prevailing party. The dispositive question, then, is whether Newsome is properly characterized as a prevailing party for purposes of CR We conclude that she is not.

A panel of this Court previously addressed the question of whether "a plaintiff who obtains a verdict finding a defendant liable but fails to obtain a verdict awarding damages is the successful or prevailing party. Grange Mutual Casualty Company, Ky. While this question differs somewhat from the issue at bar, Lewis addressed the underlying question of what constitutes a prevailing party for purposes of CR Cropper, No.

Apparently, the trial court confused court costs with legal costs and, thus, misinterpreted the statute. Court costs are defined in CR Attorney fees are not court costs. However, our Court has recently examined this issue of whether "legal costs" includes attorney fees under KRS In King v. Grecco, Ky. Husband v. Morgan, No. Here,, appellant failed to tender such an itemization of costs. As such, we are unable to conclude the circuit court abused its discretion by denying, appellant costs under CR Trimble County Fiscal Court v. Trimble County Board of Education, Ky.

Pelfrey, No.

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Although CR 3. Costs are really not an issue as CR Thus, under the rule, a prevailing party does not have to request costs but just "prepare and serve upon the party liable therefor a bill itemizing the costs. See CR Without the supplemental judgment, the prevailing party is entitled to recover all costs that are ordinarily recoverable by the successful party under the rule.

Lang v. Sapp, 71 S. While it is undoubtedly true that in a civil action involving private parties it is the exclusive province of the Supreme Court to determine upon which party and under what circumstances to impose costs, that Court has, in CR Accordingly, we affirm the order denying Lang costs and overrule Blair v. Hendricks to the extent that it holds that an award of costs to the prevailing party in an Open Records Act case is mandatory.

Owensboro Mercy Health System v. Payne, No. Payne argues that Owensboro Mercy, the only remaining defendant at trial, should bear the entire costs of the litigation. Liability is attributable to the damages caused by the wrongdoing. The award of costs is affirmed. Lewis v. Grange Mutual Casualty Co. Finally, Combs questions that part of the judgment which awards costs to Lewis. Combs contends that she, not Lewis, was the prevailing or successful party in this action and therefore the award of costs to Lewis was erroneous. To determine this issue, we must decide whether a plaintiff who obtains a verdict finding a defendant liable but fails to obtain a verdict awarding damages is the successful or prevailing party.

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This is an issue of first impression for the Court. We have therefore looked to other jurisdictions for guidance. A majority of the jurisdictions which have considered similar issues have concluded that a "prevailing party," for the purposes of awarding costs and attorney fees, is one who is successful with regard to the main issue in the action.

Cooper v. Carlson, P. While some states have determined that a judgment on liability alone is enough to confer prevailing party status, Dennis I. Spencer Contractor, Inc. City of Aurora, P. Murphy, P. Sure Snap Corp. Baena, So. Edwards, 48 Cal. Wesley, P. In the federal system, the District of Columbia Circuit has considered this issue and concluded that a plaintiff who obtains a judgment with no damages is not a "prevailing party" under F.

Tunison v. Continental Airlines Corp. Other circuits have reached similar results. PH Group Ltd. Birch, F. Eaton, 80 F. City of St. Charles, Mo. We are inclined to agree that a plaintiff in a negligence action who succeeds in obtaining a liability verdict against a defendant but is not awarded damages has not prevailed for the purposes of awarding costs. A judgment in such an action is, in effect, meaningless unless it is accompanied by an award of damages. The personal injury plaintiff seeks not just an adjudication that the defendant is liable but above all, desires to receive some form of compensation.

A plaintiff who proves liability but receives no damages has not succeeded in her ultimate goal and purpose for filing suit. We therefore reverse that part of the judgment which awards costs to Lewis and remand for an entry of judgment consistent with this opinion. Kentucky Dept. McCullough, No. The fact that a state agency has waived its sovereign immunity for purposes of a lawsuit does not necessarily imply that the agency has also waived its immunity from liability for payment of interest in such an action.

Charolais Corporation, No. Lewis did not prevail against Charolais on any of his claims and Charolais did prevail in its harassment claim against Lewis. Under these circumstances, Charolais could easily be classified as the "prevailing party" within the meaning of CR When a party against whom a judgment for affirmative relief is sought has failed to plead or otherwise defend as provided by these rules, the party entitled to a judgment by default shall apply to the court therefor. If the party against whom judgment by default is sought has appeared in the action, he, or if appearing by representative, his representative shall be served with written notice of the application for judgment at least three days prior to the hearing on such application.

The motion for judgment against a party in default for failure to appear shall be accompanied by a certificate of the attorney that no papers have been served on him by the party in default. If, in order to enable the court to enter judgment or to carry it into effect, it is necessary to take an account or to determine the amount of damages or to establish the truth of any averment by evidence or to make an investigation of any other matter, the court, without a jury, shall conduct such hearings or order such references as it deems necessary and proper, unless a jury is demanded by a party entitled thereto or is mandatory by statute or by the Constitution.

A party in default for failure to appear shall be deemed to have waived his right of trial by jury. Statewide Envtl. Fifth Third Bank, S. State Farm Ins. Edwards, S. Summaries: Source: Justia. Appellant appealed from an order denying its petition for a writ of prohibition where appellant sought to prohibit appellee, a Jefferson Circuit Court judge, from referring its default judgment motion to the circuit court Master Commissioner for certain factual determinations.

The court held that appellant was not entitled to a writ prohibiting the reference to the commissioner because appellant could obtain ordinary appellate review of its objection. Other than post-judgment matters pertaining to a judicial sale or post-judgment matters pertaining to the assets of a judgment debtor, CR Hoard v. A trial court may properly enter a default judgment in two circumstances: 1 when a defendant does not appear at all; or 2 when a defendant who has appeared in the action fails to defend as the Rules require. Here, Hoard did not fail to plead because she filed an answer.

As to the second issue: unlike CR Indeed, a motion for default judgment is not even a proper vehicle to test the legal sufficiency of pleadings, Kearns v. Ayer, S. Bourbon County Joint Planning Comn. Duff, S. Storer Communications of Jefferson County, Inc. Oldham County Board of Education, S. However, like the Storer Court, we find no authority that allows a trial court to circumvent the civil rules and enter summary judgment sua sponte where, as here, the legal issues have not been submitted for determination.

Boggs v. Commonwealth ex rel. Boggs Ky. She additionally argued that the motion to set child support was an initiating document as defined by CR 4. Withrow v. Calgon Carbon Corp. Calgon made no appearance; therefore, it was not entitled to notice of the motion. True Gospel Church Ministries, Inc. Church of God in Christ Ky. However, nothing to this effect was ever filed with the trial court until …. Deskins v. Estep, S. The circuit court properly entered default judgment for liability on January 12, Regardless, Deskins has not presented a valid excuse nor shown good cause why the default judgment for liability should be set aside.

Accordingly, we do not believe that the circuit court abused its discretion in granting a default judgment for liability against Deskins in this action or in denying the CR Accordingly, our review in this appeal will be limited to a review of the judgment for damages entered by the circuit court against Deskins in this action. Hutcherson v.

Hicks, No. Simply stated, the Hutchersons argue that the circuit court abused its discretion in setting aside the judgment assessing damages against Dr. For the reasons hereinafter stated, we agree.